Obesity Facts & Figures : Useful Resources from the WHO Regional Office for Europe : Obesity Facts & Figures: World Health Organization Fact sheet N311 – Key facts – Worldwide obesity has nearly doubled since 1980. In 2008, over 1.4 billion adults, 20 and older, were overweight. Of these over 200 million men and also almost 300 million women were obese. 35% of adults aged 20 and over were obese in 2008, and 11% were obese. 65% of the world’s people live in countries where obese and obesity kills more individuals than underweight. Overweight and obesity are the 5th leading risk for global deaths.
At least 2.8 million adults die every year as a consequence of being obese or overweight. 44% of the diabetes mellitus burden, 23% of the ischaemic heart issues burden and also between 7% and also 41% of specific cancer burdens are attributable to obesity and overweight. Over 40 million children under those age of five were obese in the year 2011. Obesity is preventable. What are overweight and obesity? Overweight and obesity: are described as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation which may impair health, – have significant implications for morbidity, disability and also quality of life, – involve higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus, heart disease, many common kinds of cancer, atherosclerosis and other health issues, and are severe public health challenges from the WHO European Region.
Definitions – Overweight and obesity are frequently measured utilizing the BMI scale. BMI: is an easy indicator commonly utilized to classify obese and also obesity in schoolchildren and also adults, – is thought to be a persons weight split by their height and – does not differentiate weight related to muscle from weight related to fat and for that reason supplies only a crude measure of fatness. Body mass index provides the most readily useful people level measure of obese and obesity as it’s the exact same for both sexes and for all ages of adults.
Nevertheless, it should be thought about a rough guide because it might not correspond to the exact same degree of fat in different individuals. The WHO definitions of overweight and obesity are: a BMI greater than or equal to 25 is overweight – a BMI greater than or equal to 30 is obesity – WHO BMI Cut Off Points: Category – BMI range kg/m2 – Very severely underweight – less than 15 – Serious overweight – from 15.0 to 16.0 – Underweight – from 16.0 to 18.5 – Normal – from 18.5 to 25 – Overweight – from 25 to 30 – Obese Class I – from 30 to 35 – Obese Class II – from 35 to 40 – Obese Class III – over 40 – Obesity Facts and also Statistics – WHO fact sheet on obesity – WHO Global Database of BMI – Childhood Obesity Surveillance in those WHO European Region – WHO Europe Nutrition Policy.